1. Left Justification Header – Higher education: Study participants described their personal perspectives and experiences on education beyond GED/High School completion. The shared perspectives and experiences included: (a) trainings (b) education (c) checklist/checking the boxes (c) academic support.

a. Training. Fifteen of 15 student veterans in this study described multiple trainings during their military experience. The participants described the military trainings as attendance at formal military training schools and On-the-Job Training (OJT) in order to meet the requirements of multiple official and unofficial military duties.

i. P14: And that is how military training goes, they are just kind of like the structured school trainings, there’s plenty of training exercises riddled throughout. P14: So I trained for three different MLS is P14: I did. P14: At least one P14: Extra schooling for the P14: Electronics warfare. P14: Basic training. I attended a total of five military schools.

ii. P15: The other two such as being an expert director, as well as a tool home representative, those were more OJT or on the job training. P15: On the job. I couldn’t really make a mistake. So there was a little bit of pressure behind that as well. And you just learned the job but you kind of have to be great at it from day one, or at least week one. Once they take the training wheels off, you really have to be P15: Already on it.

iii. P11: I don’t regret any of my military training.

b. Education – Veterans describe community college as an continuation of their military education entitlement including college funded resources i.e. the Student Achievement and Success Program, tutors, and the veteran center.

i. P12 described the education benefit as extremely. It was 85% of the reason why she joined the Navy. She described education is a meal ticket in the United States. She described education as a personal necessity. She believes that she has to have a degree if you she is to secure a respectable job or if you really want to be taken seriously in this day and time.

ii. Participant’s community college academic majors, courses, and interests included P1: A fine art specifically drawing, painting.: Various forms of printmaking photography: General courses such as English General math courses science courses; P2: human services and also the basically it was a transfer Studies degree and my concentrations were in human services: P4: Psychology. psychology Sociology, marketing, journalism; P7: Got a degree and transfer a just a general transfer degree; P8 : Computer Science and video game development; P9: art classes, drawing and painting color , business communication, event planning, and hospitality. P10: Public Health; P11: Art, cooking, life coaching, entrepreneurship in medical cannabis., building your coaching business; P12 public health; P13: Transfer degree and engine graduate with a fine arts degree; P14; sustainable agriculture, general studies, entrepreneurship in medical cannabis; P15: Product design.

iii. Of 15 participants, 0 reported participants reported alignment of their community college course or credential to their previous military career specialty.

iv. 15 participants excluded their military training in their total courses taken self-reported calculations.

v. P8 : Um, I joined the Marine Corps really because I did not really know what I wanted to do after high school. You know, I knew I did not want to go to college immediately

vi. P5: So I just decided to go ahead and go and see the world and you get the benefits for, you know, the GI Bill. Cool.

vii. P6: I: Needed another trade. I wanted something different different. I put it in my mind, of being in the mind for that I was going to learn about computers.

c. Checklist/checkboxes –

i. P1: I don’t really think it’s a it’s a question of adjustment.P1: I’ve been told by many people. -: Peers, and -: superiors, especially in the military that I was a more of a scholarly person -: However, within I think within the current realm of higher education is more about -: It’s more about checking off a checkbox. -: Than it is actually becoming educated or educating or using that as a means of educating oneself to make oneself, better, more well-rounded person, it seems to be more about checking making you have a checklist, you meet you meet these this criteria. -: He may or may not learn -: The concepts or or -: They’re given and then it’s moved on to me it seems it feels almost like a factory And less of a place of higher learning

ii. P14: Throughout the “process” of community college I used my Montgomery GI bill. P14 described community college as a process.

iii. P12: I attended an orientation for veterans where it’s like in veteran center and mandatory. I was there to to check a box.

iv. P15: It is college military adviser’s job to Pretty much, get me to where I need to be to give me along the lines of success to to allow me to learn what I need to learn it is not their job to necessarily just put me in the class and in their school they’re looking out for the greater good. Not, not a check in a box, not a quota, they’re looking out how to make the best of this potential in the student who is a veteran, which, which can improve the world on a much larger scale.

v. P8 : Um, I joined the Marine Corps really because I did not really know what I wanted to do after high school. You know, I knew I did not want to go to college immediately

vi. P2: It really helped me um, you know, and then she was like, and if you have a problem. You going to come see me and, you know, and she just went down this list of-: And and she had it ready and then she would also check up on me. I’m like part of my job was or, you know, like in this program, I had to do so many chickens.-

d. Tutoring/academic support:

i. P2: So through the student achievement and success program. They also had the military veterans resource center. So I had a dedicated military counselor.-: And I also who was a veteran and so I to that someone that could help me with my it you know academic questions as well as if I was having a tough day with something or even questions about how do I contact someone at the VA about whatever.

ii. P2: Um, and so-: They could go, you could just go in there and relax. You could get help. We had tutors that were in there. It was because so much of a multi use-: Like area they let me give a presentation in there. I had this honors project and I had to present to a charity to try to get-: A program going there and they let me present in there. Um, because I wouldn’t have had nowhere anywhere else.-: Do. There was nowhere else on campus for students to do things like that. So, so they let me do that. And it had. It was all stopped with other everyone in there was military affiliated and so it was just a great way to be to be able to go in and-: sit for a minute and talk with people who understand things when your day is going tough and to celebrate when it’s going well.-

iii. P2: On the community college’s student achievement & success program support: Oh and SASP had this book lending library to that we had access to and you could get free textbooks checked out. You get up, you got to check them out for the basic subjects and then also those ridiculously expensive calculators ti whatever-: Like I’m no paying to like come give a performance with me, you know, not being the math genius. P2: I did that for a couple classes because I’m not going to major in it. And so I didn’t want to have to buy one of those calculators. And so the fact that they let me check that out through their loan program was good.

iv. P2: The colleges student achievement program really helped me um, you know, and then she was like, and if you have a problem. You going to come see me and, you know, and she just went down this list of-: And and she had it ready and then she would also check up on me. I’m like part of my job was or, you know, like in this program, I had to do so many chickens.-: So it wasn’t just her calling me, you know, or emailing me. I also had to come into the office on scheduled and just be like, Hey, I’m here. And someone you know would sit down or, you know, just talk to me for a minute and just be like, Hey, how are you doing-: Here about this. Did you hear about that we’re doing this they would offer. They had a-: Reading like a reading group.-: And-: That was basically like a book club and but you got together with other-: First first time students and they had pizza and they, you know, they were just THEY WEREN’T THERE TO BE YOUR SUPPORT SYSTEM.-: And they knew the answers. And if they didn’t know the answer on how to fix something they found out like they weren’t, you know, they didn’t just make up something-: And tell me, hey yeah do it this way or that way and it didn’t work out there would be like, I don’t know. Give me a few days. I’m going to find out. And I’ll either email or call you and they always followed up on our word-: That I would have quit school without it.

v. P3: I know I’ve got reached back to the community college. I know I could go down there today. Good services and support if I wanted to, without any question I’d like that ability. I’m-: What-: All the services are offered there. There’s not one stone unturned that was wasn’t available those you know you got online.-: Communications email connectivity.-: You know, you got that hybrid education now impersonal the line type stuff.-: What services said all of them money.-: Is what you would even the name. The ones I remember-: Like I said connectivity internet connectivity access to communications access to media. There’s a lot of the library was tremendous.-: And throughout the college years areas where we could go be alone with computer access, they’re actually there are areas we could go congregate and brainstorm, you know,-: There’s places we can eat and you know have sessions and talk about projects for work.-: So the library was the plethora of resources alone. And specifically, you know, I can’t say it without, without going the access to the Veterans Center down there.-: And all the services that were additionally offered. I know we came that are-: Low level counseling, it would have been provided to us.P3: It’s just another important resource.

vi. P4: All they have everything-: And I think cuz it’s a community college and people know that they have everything that they’re pretty easy to-: Reach like-: Like I said, people don’t use the guinea college as much as they should, like they just go home, there’s there’s everything-: Is everything there you have a quite there’s there’s a professor who just sits around and wonders why he doesn’t get asked more questions. You know, there’s, there’s, like,-: With the veteran things you’re, you’re, you and your whole dental team or amazing-: For everything. Nobody ever just walked out of your office. It was always just-: You know, somebody attached to them and brought them to where they need to go like, especially for veterans.-: You guys made it so much easier.-: Just to everything they have accountants, they’re just sitting there doing nothing bored and they like accountants ship, for whatever reason, and they’ll help you. You just walk in there and be like, hey, I don’t understand, taxes are like, me neither. But I can do this for you.-: Is there’s everything is little bit. It’s just whether or not you’re willing to just ask the question.-: I use a veteran services a lot. I use the-: American Disability Services a lot-

vii. P4 – On the community college – Oh yeah, I’ve used it for everything with the with the veterans, especially because it’s complicated dealing with a VA and they do the veal time and so you put the people at the school.-: I see the same people at the community college. I’ve seen for five years. You don’t see that shared the VA.-: So like those people can help you. They’re very helpful. They go in there and they’re just like, Oh, yeah, yeah. You just need to fill out this SMS and then there’s so much more responsive than the VA and they’re so helpful with people who are trying to continue their education, just anything-: I go there before I go to the VA, especially now switch the GI Bill just go talk to the-: Counselors the career counselors whatever they’re called spoke out-: To help you when you’re picking classes and The advisors.-: are amazing and they have been there forever. They understand the VA, bro. Like, like, what do you say, so if you want to switch you gotta do this.-: You guys if if you want to stay on your, your track you got to keep doing this, this, this, and they’re like, well, what do you want to do, like, okay, here, here you do this, this, this.-: Like they’re, they’re very helpful. It’s just like I say, it’s a much smaller Institute.-: You know, it’s not a-: You know, sometimes for your college to seem like this giant establishment. We’re going to community college, you can go up just bang on someone’s door.P4: And just ask a question, and they’ll, they’ll give you an answer or there’ll be like, why didn’t you go talk to this person like because I didn’t know they existed.

viii. P6: Uh, no, I didn’t, I didn’t use any of the tutors. Um, I was needed help. And what was that: An intuition. I wasn’t doing too well in nutrition. I ended up dropping it. But before I dropped it. I had a talk with a professor and she offered some ideas on how I could get better or, you know, get better grades or get a better grade for nutrition, but I didn’t take advantage of. I just ended up dropping the class

ix. P6: So like I went to the college’s veteran center you had all types of-: Benefits of being I guess in the military and having that vet center there.-: Some way, you can study it was quiet.-: Wasn’t in a-: Controlled um-: You had all the information in there that you could get that probably could help not only the people that was in there, giving you information. But, uh, just, uh,-: What’s the, what’s the word or language. The pamphlets and stuff. He-: That type of information, plus the real people that was there.-: The program that we’re behind the real people like-: If you needed help with-: Maybe a map. I’m thinking of Pedro, but he was a-: He was a veteran and math tutor embedded in the center paid by the college. But yes.-: Well, you had other programs behind the people to even help you, even more so.-: Yes, the pamphlets, the written knowledge that was there, plus the real people. That was good. I could give you knowledge and then the programs behind the real people.-: I just asking questions as many questions as I can.P6: Always trying to get an understanding,

x. P7: I received every service that you know you could pos

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